Pronouns and cases Exercises in Hungarian language

Pronouns in the Hungarian language are an essential part of mastering communication, as they serve as substitutes for nouns and help in expressing sentences more fluidly. Unlike English, Hungarian pronouns exhibit a more complex system due to the agglutinative nature of the language, meaning that they change form based on cases and possessive structures. Understanding these forms is crucial for correct sentence construction and clear expression. This section will guide you through the various pronouns in Hungarian, their roles, and how they change according to different grammatical cases. Hungarian has several cases that affect pronouns, including nominative, accusative, dative, and others that indicate location or movement. Each case has specific suffixes that are attached to pronouns, altering their form to indicate their grammatical function in a sentence. By practicing these exercises, you will become familiar with the patterns and rules governing pronoun usage in Hungarian. This not only enhances your grammatical accuracy but also boosts your confidence in both spoken and written Hungarian. Dive into these exercises to solidify your understanding and gain proficiency in one of the most fascinating aspects of Hungarian grammar.

Exercise 1

<p>1. *Ő* szereti a csokit (She likes chocolate; pronoun for "she").</p> <p>2. *Neki* adtam a könyvet (I gave the book to him; pronoun for "to him").</p> <p>3. Hol van *az* autód? (Where is your car?; pronoun for "that/it").</p> <p>4. *Mi* megyünk a moziba (We are going to the cinema; pronoun for "we").</p> <p>5. Látod *őt* a parkban? (Do you see him in the park?; pronoun for "him").</p> <p>6. *Ti* is jöttök a buliba? (Are you all coming to the party?; pronoun for "you all").</p> <p>7. *Enyém* ez a ház (This house is mine; possessive pronoun for "mine").</p> <p>8. *Azok* ott az én barátaim (Those are my friends over there; pronoun for "those").</p> <p>9. *Maga* jön velem? (Are you coming with me?; formal pronoun for "you").</p> <p>10. Kérlek, add ide *azt* (Please, give me that; pronoun for "that").</p>
 

Exercise 2

<p>1. *Ő* szereti a csokoládét (he or she in Hungarian).</p> <p>2. A könyv *az asztalon* van (on the table in Hungarian).</p> <p>3. *Őt* láttam a moziban tegnap (him or her in Hungarian, accusative case).</p> <p>4. *Neki* adtam a levelet (to him or to her in Hungarian, dative case).</p> <p>5. *Mi* megyünk a strandra (we in Hungarian).</p> <p>6. *Téged* keres a főnök (you in Hungarian, accusative case).</p> <p>7. *Ennek* a háznak a teteje piros (of this in Hungarian, genitive case).</p> <p>8. *Övé* a legnagyobb autó (his or hers in Hungarian, possessive case).</p> <p>9. *Én* vagyok az új diák (I in Hungarian).</p> <p>10. Mindig *veled* szeretnék lenni (with you in Hungarian).</p>
 

Exercise 3

<p>1. *Őt* szeretem a legjobban (object pronoun for "him/her").</p> <p>2. *Neki* adtam a könyvet (dative case for "him/her").</p> <p>3. A tanár *őt* kérdezte meg (object pronoun for "him/her").</p> <p>4. *Nála* van a kulcs (possessive pronoun for "him/her").</p> <p>5. *Mi* vagyunk a legjobbak (subject pronoun for "we").</p> <p>6. *Nekünk* kell segíteni (dative case for "we").</p> <p>7. *Ők* jönnek vacsorára (subject pronoun for "they").</p> <p>8. *Nálatok* van a labda (possessive pronoun for "you all").</p> <p>9. *Minket* választottak (object pronoun for "us").</p> <p>10. *Nekik* küldtem az üzenetet (dative case for "them").</p>
 

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