Linking Clauses with Conjunctions in Malay Exercises in Malay language

Linking clauses with conjunctions is a fundamental aspect of mastering the Malay language. Conjunctions, known as "kata hubung" in Malay, serve as the glue that binds words, phrases, and clauses together, creating complex and nuanced sentences. Understanding how to use these conjunctions effectively can significantly enhance your ability to communicate ideas clearly and coherently. Whether you're combining simple thoughts or constructing intricate narratives, grasping the various types of conjunctions and their appropriate contexts is essential for fluency. In Malay, conjunctions can be broadly categorized into several types, including coordinating, subordinating, and correlative conjunctions. Coordinating conjunctions, such as "dan" (and) and "atau" (or), link elements of equal importance. Subordinating conjunctions, like "kerana" (because) and "walaupun" (although), connect a dependent clause to an independent clause, adding depth and detail to your sentences. Correlative conjunctions, pairs like "baik...maupun" (both...and), work in tandem to join related elements. This page offers a range of exercises designed to help you practice and perfect the use of these conjunctions, ensuring you can link clauses with confidence and precision.

Exercise 1

<p>1. Kami pergi ke pasar *kerana* ingin membeli sayur-sayuran (conjunction for "because").</p> <p>2. Saya akan belajar keras *supaya* lulus dalam ujian itu (conjunction for "so that").</p> <p>3. Dia membaca buku *sementara* menunggu bas tiba (conjunction for "while").</p> <p>4. Ali bermain bola *dan* Ahmad membaca buku (conjunction for "and").</p> <p>5. Siti tidak pergi ke sekolah *kerana* dia sakit (conjunction for "because").</p> <p>6. Kami akan makan malam *setelah* selesai bekerja (conjunction for "after").</p> <p>7. Fahmi bekerja keras *agar* dia dapat membeli rumah (conjunction for "so that").</p> <p>8. Mereka pergi ke pantai *tetapi* hujan turun (conjunction for "but").</p> <p>9. Saya suka makan nasi *dan* lauk pauk (conjunction for "and").</p> <p>10. Dia berlari dengan pantas *kerana* anjing mengejarnya (conjunction for "because").</p>
 

Exercise 2

<p>1. Mereka tidak pergi ke taman *kerana* hujan turun dengan lebat. (Conjunction for indicating reason)</p> <p>2. Dia membawa payung *supaya* tidak basah ketika hujan. (Conjunction for indicating purpose)</p> <p>3. Kami makan di restoran itu *kerana* makanannya sangat sedap. (Conjunction for indicating reason)</p> <p>4. Saya akan belajar dengan tekun *supaya* lulus dalam peperiksaan. (Conjunction for indicating purpose)</p> <p>5. Dia bekerja keras *walaupun* dia sudah tua. (Conjunction for indicating contrast)</p> <p>6. Kami masih pergi ke pantai *walaupun* cuaca mendung. (Conjunction for indicating contrast)</p> <p>7. Mereka tinggal di rumah *kerana* ada wabak penyakit di luar. (Conjunction for indicating reason)</p> <p>8. Saya membawa baju tambahan *jika* cuaca sejuk. (Conjunction for indicating condition)</p> <p>9. Dia akan datang ke rumah saya *jika* dia mempunyai masa lapang. (Conjunction for indicating condition)</p> <p>10. Kami menonton filem *sementara* menunggu hujan reda. (Conjunction for indicating time)</p>
 

Exercise 3

<p>1. Saya suka makan nasi lemak *kerana* ia sangat lazat. (reason)</p> <p>2. Ahmad pergi ke sekolah *dan* dia membawa buku. (addition)</p> <p>3. Kami akan menonton filem *jika* hujan tidak turun. (condition)</p> <p>4. Ali belajar dengan tekun *supaya* dia dapat lulus peperiksaan. (purpose)</p> <p>5. Siti menunggu di stesen bas *sementara* menunggu bas tiba. (simultaneous action)</p> <p>6. Dia tidak mahu pergi ke pesta *tetapi* dia tetap hadir. (contrast)</p> <p>7. Mereka akan bercuti *apabila* cuti sekolah bermula. (time)</p> <p>8. Saya tidak dapat datang *kerana* saya ada urusan lain. (reason)</p> <p>9. Kami menonton televisyen *sambil* makan malam. (simultaneous action)</p> <p>10. Hujan turun dengan lebat *sehingga* jalan menjadi banjir. (result)</p>
 

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