Conjunction Patterns in Malay Sentences Exercises in Malay language

Understanding conjunction patterns in Malay sentences is crucial for mastering the language and enhancing fluency. Conjunctions, or "kata hubung" in Malay, serve as the connective tissue that binds words, phrases, and clauses, creating coherent and meaningful sentences. Whether you're constructing simple sentences or engaging in complex discourse, the correct use of conjunctions ensures clarity and precision in communication. Familiarizing yourself with these patterns not only aids in writing but also improves comprehension when reading Malay texts. In Malay, conjunctions can be categorized into coordinating, subordinating, and correlative types, each playing a distinct role in sentence structure. Coordinating conjunctions, such as "dan" (and) and "atau" (or), link words or groups of words of equal grammatical importance. Subordinating conjunctions like "kerana" (because) and "walaupun" (although) introduce dependent clauses, providing additional information and context. Correlative conjunctions work in pairs, like "sama ada...atau" (either...or), to connect balanced elements within a sentence. By practicing these conjunction patterns, learners can achieve greater linguistic proficiency and convey their thoughts more effectively in Malay.

Exercise 1

<p>1. Dia tidak hadir ke sekolah *kerana* dia sakit (conjunction for reason).</p> <p>2. Saya suka makan nasi *dan* ayam (conjunction for addition).</p> <p>3. Kamu boleh pergi ke taman *atau* ke perpustakaan (conjunction for choice).</p> <p>4. Dia rajin belajar *walaupun* dia letih (conjunction for contrast).</p> <p>5. Kami akan pergi berkelah *jika* cuaca baik (conjunction for condition).</p> <p>6. Dia pergi ke kedai *supaya* dapat membeli barang (conjunction for purpose).</p> <p>7. Saya akan tidur *selepas* menonton televisyen (conjunction for time sequence).</p> <p>8. Dia tidak makan nasi *tetapi* dia makan roti (conjunction for contrast).</p> <p>9. Kami menunggu di tepi jalan *sementara* menunggu bas datang (conjunction for simultaneous actions).</p> <p>10. Dia belajar dengan rajin *kerana* ingin berjaya dalam peperiksaan (conjunction for reason).</p>

Exercise 2

<p>1. Dia suka makan nasi *dan* ayam (conjunction for "and").</p> <p>2. Saya akan pergi ke pasar *atau* kedai (conjunction for "or").</p> <p>3. Kami bermain bola sepak *kerana* cuaca baik (conjunction for "because").</p> <p>4. Dia membaca buku *tetapi* tidak memahami isinya (conjunction for "but").</p> <p>5. Mereka belajar rajin *supaya* lulus ujian (conjunction for "so that").</p> <p>6. Saya tidak akan pergi ke sana *jika* hujan turun (conjunction for "if").</p> <p>7. Dia tidur awal *kerana* letih (conjunction for "because").</p> <p>8. Awak boleh makan kek *atau* biskut (conjunction for "or").</p> <p>9. Kami tidak pergi ke pantai *walaupun* hari cerah (conjunction for "although").</p> <p>10. Dia minum teh *dan* kopi setiap pagi (conjunction for "and").</p>

Exercise 3

<p>1. Dia membeli baju *dan* seluar di pasar (conjunction for "and").</p> <p>2. Saya suka makan nasi *tetapi* tidak suka makan roti (conjunction for "but").</p> <p>3. Dia bekerja keras *kerana* dia mahu berjaya (conjunction for "because").</p> <p>4. Kami akan pergi ke pantai *atau* ke gunung pada hujung minggu ini (conjunction for "or").</p> <p>5. Ali pandai bermain bola sepak *serta* bola keranjang (conjunction for "as well as").</p> <p>6. Dia tidak datang ke majlis itu *kerana* dia sakit (conjunction for "because").</p> <p>7. Saya suka membaca buku *tetapi* saya tidak mempunyai banyak masa (conjunction for "but").</p> <p>8. Kami akan berangkat sekarang *jika* cuaca baik (conjunction for "if").</p> <p>9. Mereka akan pergi ke taman *atau* ke zoo pada hujung minggu ini (conjunction for "or").</p> <p>10. Dia belajar dengan rajin *agar* dia lulus peperiksaan (conjunction for "so that").</p>

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