Usage of “þegar” as an adverb Exercises in Icelandic language

"Þegar" is a multifaceted word in the Icelandic language that primarily functions as an adverb. Its most common translation in English is "when," and it is used to indicate the timing of an event or action. Unlike some other temporal adverbs, "þegar" can be used in various tenses and contexts, making it a versatile tool for anyone learning Icelandic. Mastering its usage is essential for constructing clear and grammatically correct sentences. This is especially important for learners who want to achieve fluency and understand the nuances of temporal expressions in Icelandic. Understanding how to properly use "þegar" involves recognizing its role in different sentence structures. It can appear in both main and subordinate clauses, influencing the overall meaning and flow of a conversation or written text. For instance, "Ég kem þegar ég get" translates to "I will come when I can," where "þegar" introduces the condition under which the action will take place. In another context, "Hann fór þegar hún kom," meaning "He left when she arrived," "þegar" is used to specify the timing of the actions. Through these exercises, you'll practice placing "þegar" correctly and gain confidence in using it to convey precise temporal relationships in your Icelandic communication.

Exercise 1

<p>1. Ég fór í sund *þegar* það var heitt úti (use an adverb to indicate "when" something happened).</p> <p>2. Hann borðaði köku *þegar* hann kom heim (use an adverb to indicate "when" an action was performed).</p> <p>3. Við förum í ferðalag *þegar* sumarið kemur (use an adverb to indicate "when" a specific time occurs).</p> <p>4. Þau litu á myndina *þegar* þau komu inn í herbergið (use an adverb to indicate "when" they did something upon arriving).</p> <p>5. Ég tala við vin minn *þegar* ég hef tíma (use an adverb to indicate "when" you do something during your free time).</p> <p>6. Hún vaknar alltaf snemma *þegar* það er sólskin (use an adverb to indicate "when" she wakes up early).</p> <p>7. Barnið hlær mikið *þegar* það er glatt (use an adverb to indicate "when" the child laughs a lot).</p> <p>8. Við byrjum að elda *þegar* allir eru komnir (use an adverb to indicate "when" you start cooking).</p> <p>9. Hann les bók *þegar* hann er heima (use an adverb to indicate "when" he reads).</p> <p>10. Hún fór út að hlaupa *þegar* það var rigning (use an adverb to indicate "when" she went out for a run).</p>
 

Exercise 2

<p>1. Ég sá hana *þegar* hún kom inn í herbergið (adverb for "when").</p> <p>2. Við förum í sund *þegar* veðrið er gott (adverb for "when").</p> <p>3. Hann tók myndina *þegar* þau stóðu við ána (adverb for "when").</p> <p>4. Hún kláraði verkefnið *þegar* hún fékk aðstoðina (adverb for "when").</p> <p>5. Þau borða kvöldmat *þegar* klukkan slær sjö (adverb for "when").</p> <p>6. Við förum í bíó *þegar* nýja myndin kemur út (adverb for "when").</p> <p>7. Hann las bókina *þegar* hann var á ferðalagi (adverb for "when").</p> <p>8. Þau keyptu ís *þegar* þau voru í bænum (adverb for "when").</p> <p>9. Hún vaknaði snemma *þegar* hún átti mikilvægan fund (adverb for "when").</p> <p>10. Við förum í göngutúr *þegar* sólin skín (adverb for "when").</p>
 

Exercise 3

<p>1. Hann var í skólanum *þegar* regnið byrjaði (when the rain started).</p> <p>2. Ég var að lesa bók *þegar* síminn hringdi (when the phone rang).</p> <p>3. Við fórum í sundlaugina *þegar* veðrið batnaði (when the weather improved).</p> <p>4. Hún bakaði köku *þegar* gestirnir komu (when the guests arrived).</p> <p>5. Ég kláraði verkefnið *þegar* kennarinn kom inn (when the teacher came in).</p> <p>6. Þau fóru í bíó *þegar* vinnunni lauk (when work finished).</p> <p>7. Hann byrjaði að syngja *þegar* tónlistin byrjaði (when the music started).</p> <p>8. Við borðuðum kvöldmat *þegar* klukkan sló sex (when the clock struck six).</p> <p>9. Hún byrjaði að hlaupa *þegar* byssan hljóp af (when the gun went off).</p> <p>10. Ég sofnaði *þegar* kvikmyndin endaði (when the movie ended).</p>
 

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