Transitive vs intransitive verbs Exercises in Latvian language

Latvian verbs can be divided into two categories: transitive and intransitive. Understanding the difference between these two types of verbs is crucial for mastering Latvian sentence structure and grammar. Transitive verbs require a direct object to complete their meaning, answering the question "What?" or "Whom?" For example, in the sentence "Es lasu grāmatu" (I am reading a book), "lasu" (am reading) is a transitive verb because it needs the direct object "grāmatu" (book) to make sense. Without the direct object, the sentence would be incomplete or unclear. In contrast, intransitive verbs do not require a direct object to convey a complete thought. They often describe states of being or actions that do not transfer to an object. For example, in the sentence "Es eju" (I am going), "eju" (am going) is an intransitive verb because it does not need a direct object to be meaningful. Mastering the distinction between transitive and intransitive verbs will greatly enhance your ability to construct clear and accurate sentences in Latvian, making your communication more effective and nuanced.

Exercise 1

<p>1. Viņš *ēd* pusdienas katru dienu (verb for consuming food).</p> <p>2. Mēs *skrienam* parkā katru rītu (verb for running).</p> <p>3. Viņa *zīmē* skaistu attēlu (verb for drawing).</p> <p>4. Es *guļu* astoņas stundas katru nakti (verb for sleeping).</p> <p>5. Viņi *tīra* māju sestdienās (verb for cleaning).</p> <p>6. Bērns *lēkā* uz batuta (verb for jumping).</p> <p>7. Mēs *dziedam* dziesmu kopā (verb for singing).</p> <p>8. Suns *guļ* uz dīvāna (verb for lying down).</p> <p>9. Viņa *lasa* grāmatu katru vakaru (verb for reading).</p> <p>10. Viņi *skatās* filmu kinoteātrī (verb for watching).</p>
 

Exercise 2

<p>1. Viņš *ēd* brokastis katru rītu (verb for consuming food).</p> <p>2. Mēs *staigājām* parkā vakar (verb for walking).</p> <p>3. Viņa *lasa* grāmatu šobrīd (verb for reading).</p> <p>4. Es *gāju* uz darbu, kad satiku draugu (verb for going).</p> <p>5. Viņi *spēlē* futbolu katru sestdienu (verb for playing a sport).</p> <p>6. Māsa *dzied* dziesmu svētkos (verb for singing).</p> <p>7. Viņš *uztaisa* vakariņas katru vakaru (verb for making or preparing).</p> <p>8. Bērni *guļ* pēc pusdienām (verb for sleeping).</p> <p>9. Mēs *runājam* par politiku (verb for discussing or talking).</p> <p>10. Viņa *gatavo* zupu ar dārzeņiem (verb for cooking).</p>
 

Exercise 3

<p>1. Viņš *paņēma* grāmatu no galda (verb for taking). </p> <p>2. Skolēni *spēlē* futbolu skolas pagalmā (verb for playing). </p> <p>3. Māte *gatavo* vakariņas virtuvē (verb for preparing food). </p> <p>4. Mēs *skaitām* naudu, lai redzētu, cik daudz mums ir (verb for counting). </p> <p>5. Viņi *dzīvo* mazā dzīvoklī pilsētas centrā (verb for residing). </p> <p>6. Tēvs *remontē* automašīnu garāžā (verb for fixing). </p> <p>7. Suns *guļ* uz dīvāna viesistabā (verb for sleeping). </p> <p>8. Viņa *zvana* draugam, lai sarunātos (verb for calling). </p> <p>9. Bērni *zīmē* ziedus uz papīra (verb for drawing). </p> <p>10. Vīrietis *meklē* atslēgas kabatā (verb for searching). </p>
 

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