Subordinating Conjunctions in Malay Exercises in Malay language

Subordinating conjunctions play a crucial role in the Malay language, serving as the bridge that links dependent clauses to independent clauses to form complex sentences. Understanding and mastering these conjunctions is essential for anyone looking to enhance their proficiency in Malay, as they help convey more nuanced and intricate ideas. By using subordinating conjunctions, speakers can express conditions, reasons, contrasts, and various other relationships between different parts of a sentence, thereby enriching their communication skills. In Malay, subordinating conjunctions include words like "apabila" (when), "kerana" (because), "walaupun" (although), and "sehingga" (until). Each of these conjunctions introduces a subordinate clause that provides additional context or information to the main clause. This page offers a variety of grammar exercises designed to help you practice and internalize the use of these important connectors. Through these exercises, you will learn how to construct more complex and grammatically correct sentences, making your Malay more fluent and expressive.

Exercise 1

<p>1. Dia tidak pergi ke sekolah *kerana* dia sakit (because).</p> <p>2. Saya akan makan malam *selepas* pulang dari kerja (after).</p> <p>3. Kami harus berhenti bermain *apabila* hujan mulai turun (when).</p> <p>4. Mereka tidak pergi bercuti *walaupun* mereka mempunyai masa lapang (even though).</p> <p>5. Dia akan berjaya *jika* dia terus berusaha (if).</p> <p>6. Kami akan pergi ke taman *sebelum* matahari terbenam (before).</p> <p>7. Kita harus berlatih setiap hari *agar* kita menjadi lebih baik (so that).</p> <p>8. Saya tidak boleh tidur *kerana* bising di luar (because).</p> <p>9. Kami akan menonton filem *sementara* menunggu hujan reda (while).</p> <p>10. Dia belajar bahasa Melayu *supaya* dia boleh bercakap dengan penduduk tempatan (so that).</p>
 

Exercise 2

<p>1. Kami akan pergi *selepas* makan malam (after dinner).</p> <p>2. Dia tidak hadir ke majlis *kerana* sakit (due to illness).</p> <p>3. Saya membaca buku *sementara* menunggu bas (while waiting for the bus).</p> <p>4. Anda perlu belajar *supaya* lulus peperiksaan (in order to pass the exam).</p> <p>5. Mereka berlari *walaupun* hujan turun (even though it's raining).</p> <p>6. Kami tinggal di rumah *sehingga* hujan berhenti (until the rain stops).</p> <p>7. Dia memanggil saya *kerana* ada kecemasan (because there is an emergency).</p> <p>8. Saya akan datang *jika* saya sihat (if I am healthy).</p> <p>9. Kami menunggu di sini *sehingga* mereka datang (until they arrive).</p> <p>10. Dia belajar keras *supaya* mendapat markah yang baik (in order to get good marks).</p>
 

Exercise 3

<p>1. Dia tidak pergi ke sekolah *kerana* hujan lebat (subordinating conjunction for reason).</p> <p>2. Saya akan tidur *selepas* menonton televisyen (subordinating conjunction for sequence).</p> <p>3. Mereka menunggu di luar *sehingga* bas tiba (subordinating conjunction for condition).</p> <p>4. Kami tidak dapat mendengar *walaupun* mereka bercakap dengan kuat (subordinating conjunction for contrast).</p> <p>5. Dia belajar bersungguh-sungguh *supaya* lulus peperiksaan (subordinating conjunction for purpose).</p> <p>6. Mereka tidak pergi ke taman *jika* cuaca buruk (subordinating conjunction for condition).</p> <p>7. Saya suka membaca buku *sementara* menunggu bas (subordinating conjunction for time).</p> <p>8. Kami akan pergi bercuti *apabila* sekolah cuti (subordinating conjunction for time).</p> <p>9. Dia tidak makan *kerana* perutnya sakit (subordinating conjunction for reason).</p> <p>10. Saya akan membeli tiket *sekiranya* ada diskaun (subordinating conjunction for condition).</p>
 

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