Subordinating conjunctions Exercises in Indonesian language

Subordinating conjunctions in the Indonesian language play a crucial role in connecting clauses and giving sentences a clear, logical structure. These words and phrases, known as "kata hubung subordinatif," link dependent clauses to independent ones, thereby adding depth and detail to the information conveyed. Understanding how to use subordinating conjunctions is essential for anyone looking to achieve fluency in Indonesian, as they help create complex sentences that more accurately reflect nuanced thoughts and ideas. In Indonesian, subordinating conjunctions include words like "karena" (because), "jika" (if), "sebelum" (before), and "meskipun" (although). Mastering these conjunctions allows speakers to express cause and effect, conditions, time relationships, and contrasts. For instance, the sentence "Saya tidak pergi ke sekolah karena saya sakit" (I did not go to school because I was sick) uses "karena" to explain the reason. By practicing with various exercises, learners can become adept at using these conjunctions, thereby enhancing their overall language proficiency and ability to communicate complex scenarios effectively.

Exercise 1

<p>1. Dia tidak akan pergi *jika* hujan deras (subordinating conjunction for condition).</p> <p>2. Saya akan makan malam *ketika* kamu pulang (subordinating conjunction for time).</p> <p>3. Kita harus tetap bekerja *meskipun* lelah (subordinating conjunction for contrast).</p> <p>4. Mereka belajar dengan giat *agar* lulus ujian (subordinating conjunction for purpose).</p> <p>5. Kami tidak tahu *apakah* dia akan datang (subordinating conjunction for uncertainty).</p> <p>6. Dia tidak bisa tidur *karena* kebisingan (subordinating conjunction for reason).</p> <p>7. Kita harus menunggu di sini *sampai* mereka datang (subordinating conjunction for time).</p> <p>8. Saya akan membantu kamu *supaya* pekerjaan cepat selesai (subordinating conjunction for purpose).</p> <p>9. Mereka tetap bermain *walaupun* cuaca sangat panas (subordinating conjunction for contrast).</p> <p>10. Dia tidak bisa pergi *sebelum* menyelesaikan pekerjaannya (subordinating conjunction for time).</p>
 

Exercise 2

<p>1. Dia tidak pergi ke sekolah *karena* hujan deras (reason for not going).</p> <p>2. Saya akan menunggu di sini *sampai* kamu datang (when you will wait).</p> <p>3. Mereka tetap bermain *walaupun* hujan turun (despite condition).</p> <p>4. Kami tidak bisa pergi ke pantai *jika* cuacanya buruk (condition for going).</p> <p>5. Saya belajar keras *supaya* bisa lulus ujian (purpose of studying).</p> <p>6. Kita harus pulang *sebelum* gelap (time to go home).</p> <p>7. Dia merasa senang *karena* mendapat hadiah (reason for feeling).</p> <p>8. Aku akan menghubungimu *setelah* rapat selesai (when to contact).</p> <p>9. Kita sebaiknya makan *sebelum* pergi (time to eat).</p> <p>10. Kamu bisa datang *walaupun* sudah malam (despite time of day).</p>
 

Exercise 3

<p>1. Saya akan pergi ke pasar *setelah* hujan reda (after rain stops).</p> <p>2. Dia tetap bekerja *meskipun* sedang sakit (even though he is sick).</p> <p>3. Kami menunggu di rumah *sampai* dia datang (until he arrives).</p> <p>4. Mereka bermain di luar *ketika* matahari terbenam (when the sun sets).</p> <p>5. Aku tidak pergi ke pesta *karena* harus belajar (because I have to study).</p> <p>6. Dia tidak mau makan *jika* makanannya pedas (if the food is spicy).</p> <p>7. Kami akan berangkat *sebelum* matahari terbit (before the sun rises).</p> <p>8. Mereka tidak akan pulang *selama* hujan deras (as long as it is raining heavily).</p> <p>9. Saya akan membeli hadiah *agar* dia bahagia (so that he/she will be happy).</p> <p>10. Dia tidak berani berenang *walaupun* bisa berenang dengan baik (even though he/she can swim well).</p>
 

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