Prepositions in idiomatic expressions Exercises in Indonesian language

Prepositions play a crucial role in idiomatic expressions within the Indonesian language, often carrying meanings that are not immediately apparent from their literal translations. These expressions can significantly differ from those in English, making them a challenging yet fascinating aspect of learning Indonesian. Mastering idiomatic expressions can greatly enhance your fluency and comprehension, allowing you to communicate more naturally and understand native speakers better. This page aims to provide you with a variety of grammar exercises that focus on the correct use of prepositions in common Indonesian idiomatic expressions. By practicing these exercises, you will gain a deeper understanding of how prepositions function in the context of idiomatic phrases, which are commonly used in everyday conversation. Each exercise is designed to reinforce your grasp of these expressions, helping you to recognize and use them appropriately. Whether you are a beginner or an advanced learner, these exercises will equip you with the skills needed to navigate the nuances of Indonesian idiomatic language, ultimately making your communication more effective and engaging.

Exercise 1

<p>1. Dia selalu datang *tepat* waktu (preposition meaning "on time").</p> <p>2. Mereka berbicara *tentang* rencana liburan mereka (preposition meaning "about").</p> <p>3. Saya tinggal *di* Jakarta selama dua tahun (preposition indicating location). </p> <p>4. Kita akan pergi *ke* pantai besok (preposition indicating direction). </p> <p>5. Ayah bekerja *untuk* perusahaan besar (preposition indicating purpose or recipient). </p> <p>6. Setelah pulang *dari* sekolah, mereka bermain bola (preposition indicating origin). </p> <p>7. Buku ini sangat berguna *bagi* siswa (preposition indicating benefit or purpose). </p> <p>8. Mereka duduk *di sebelah* saya selama pertunjukan (preposition indicating position). </p> <p>9. Anak-anak menonton televisi *selama* dua jam (preposition indicating duration). </p> <p>10. Saya harus menyelesaikan tugas ini *pada* hari Senin (preposition indicating time). </p>
 

Exercise 2

<p>1. Dia selalu datang *tepat* waktu (clue: exactly).</p> <p>2. Saya pergi ke kantor *dengan* mobil (clue: using).</p> <p>3. Buku ini milik saya, bukan *punya* kamu (clue: belongs to).</p> <p>4. Mereka duduk *di* samping jendela (clue: next to).</p> <p>5. Kucing itu tidur *di* atas sofa (clue: on top of).</p> <p>6. Kami berjalan-jalan *di* sekitar taman (clue: around).</p> <p>7. Dia berbicara *tentang* masalah itu (clue: about).</p> <p>8. Dia membeli baju baru *untuk* pesta (clue: for).</p> <p>9. Dia tinggal *di* rumah besar (clue: in).</p> <p>10. Mereka merayakan ulang tahun *dengan* pesta besar (clue: with).</p>
 

Exercise 3

<p>1. Mereka *dalam* keadaan terdesak (in a state of urgency).</p> <p>2. Saya tinggal *di* Jakarta selama dua tahun (location preposition).</p> <p>3. Dia selalu datang *pada* waktunya (on time).</p> <p>4. Kami akan bertemu *dengan* dia di kafe (with someone).</p> <p>5. Anak-anak bermain *di* taman sepanjang hari (in a place).</p> <p>6. Buku itu ada *di* atas meja (on top of something).</p> <p>7. Dia bekerja *sebagai* dokter di rumah sakit (as a profession).</p> <p>8. Aku selalu berpikir *tentang* kamu (thinking about someone).</p> <p>9. Kami pergi *ke* pantai untuk berlibur (destination preposition).</p> <p>10. Mereka tinggal *di* rumah saat hujan deras (inside a place).</p>
 

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