Demonstrative pronouns Exercises in Hungarian language

Demonstrative pronouns in Hungarian play a crucial role in distinguishing objects, people, and concepts in relation to their proximity to the speaker or listener. These pronouns, "ez" (this) and "az" (that), along with their plural forms "ezek" (these) and "azok" (those), help convey both physical and abstract closeness or distance. Understanding how to use them correctly can significantly enhance your ability to communicate more precisely and naturally in Hungarian. In Hungarian, the use of demonstrative pronouns extends beyond simple identification; it also involves agreement with the noun in number and case. This aspect of Hungarian grammar can be particularly challenging for English speakers, as English does not inflect demonstrative pronouns in the same way. Our exercises will guide you through the nuances of these pronouns, ensuring you grasp their forms and functions in various contexts. By mastering demonstrative pronouns, you will improve your overall fluency and gain greater confidence in your Hungarian language skills.

Exercise 1

<p>1. *Ez* a könyv nagyon érdekes (this book). Clue: demonstrative pronoun for "this" in singular.</p> <p>2. *Azok* a házak nagyon szépek (those houses). Clue: demonstrative pronoun for "those" in plural.</p> <p>3. *Ezek* az autók nagyon drágák (these cars). Clue: demonstrative pronoun for "these" in plural.</p> <p>4. *Ez* a macska nagyon aranyos (this cat). Clue: demonstrative pronoun for "this" in singular.</p> <p>5. *Az* a fiú nagyon okos (that boy). Clue: demonstrative pronoun for "that" in singular.</p> <p>6. *Azok* a lányok a barátaim (those girls). Clue: demonstrative pronoun for "those" in plural.</p> <p>7. *Ez* a virág nagyon szép (this flower). Clue: demonstrative pronoun for "this" in singular.</p> <p>8. *Ezek* a könyvek az enyéim (these books). Clue: demonstrative pronoun for "these" in plural.</p> <p>9. *Az* a kutya nagyon barátságos (that dog). Clue: demonstrative pronoun for "that" in singular.</p> <p>10. *Azok* a cipők nagyon kényelmesek (those shoes). Clue: demonstrative pronoun for "those" in plural.</p>
 

Exercise 2

<p>1. *Ez* a könyv nagyon érdekes (this, referring to a nearby object).</p> <p>2. *Azok* a diákok mindig hangosan beszélnek (those, referring to people far away).</p> <p>3. *Ezek* a cipők kényelmesek (these, referring to nearby objects).</p> <p>4. *Az* a ház nagyon régi (that, referring to a single far away object).</p> <p>5. *Ezek* a virágok szépek (these, referring to nearby flowers).</p> <p>6. *Ez* a film nagyon izgalmas (this, referring to a nearby movie).</p> <p>7. *Azok* az autók gyorsak (those, referring to cars far away).</p> <p>8. *Ez* a kutya nagyon barátságos (this, referring to a nearby dog).</p> <p>9. *Az* a bolt messze van (that, referring to a single far away shop).</p> <p>10. *Ezek* az almák frissek (these, referring to nearby apples).</p>
 

Exercise 3

<p>1. *Ez* a könyv nagyon érdekes (this).</p> <p>2. *Azok* az autók gyorsak (those).</p> <p>3. *Ezek* a virágok szépek (these).</p> <p>4. *Ez* a ház nagy és kényelmes (this).</p> <p>5. *Az* az ember barátságos (that).</p> <p>6. *Ezek* a gyerekek játékosak (these).</p> <p>7. *Azok* a madarak hangosak (those).</p> <p>8. *Ez* a ruha drága (this).</p> <p>9. *Az* a lány okos (that).</p> <p>10. *Ezek* a feladatok nehezek (these).</p>
 

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