Conjunctions of cause and reason Exercises in Indonesian language

Conjunctions of cause and reason are essential components in the Indonesian language that help convey the relationship between two clauses, specifically indicating why something happens. These conjunctions provide clarity and depth in communication, allowing speakers to articulate reasons, explanations, and justifications effectively. Some common conjunctions of cause and reason in Indonesian include "karena" (because), "sebab" (because), "oleh karena itu" (therefore), and "maka" (so). Understanding how to use these conjunctions correctly can significantly enhance your proficiency in Indonesian, enabling you to construct more complex and meaningful sentences. Mastering the use of cause and reason conjunctions is not only crucial for everyday conversations but also for academic and professional contexts. By practicing with various exercises, you can familiarize yourself with different scenarios where these conjunctions are applicable. This will help you identify the nuances between them and apply them appropriately, depending on the context. Whether you are writing an essay, giving a presentation, or engaging in a casual chat, a good grasp of these conjunctions will make your communication more coherent and persuasive.

Exercise 1

<p>1. Dia tidak datang ke sekolah *karena* sakit (conjunction indicating reason).</p> <p>2. Saya harus belajar keras *sebab* ada ujian besok (conjunction indicating cause).</p> <p>3. Mereka tidak pergi ke pantai *karena* cuaca buruk (conjunction indicating reason).</p> <p>4. Dia tidak bisa tidur *sebab* minum kopi terlalu banyak (conjunction indicating cause).</p> <p>5. Kami tidak jadi liburan *karena* pandemi (conjunction indicating reason).</p> <p>6. Dia telat datang *sebab* macet di jalan (conjunction indicating cause).</p> <p>7. Mereka tidak bisa bertemu *karena* ada urusan mendadak (conjunction indicating reason).</p> <p>8. Saya tidak ikut lomba *sebab* sedang sakit (conjunction indicating cause).</p> <p>9. Dia berhenti bekerja *karena* ingin fokus pada kuliah (conjunction indicating reason).</p> <p>10. Mereka tidak menonton film itu *sebab* sudah terlalu malam (conjunction indicating cause).</p>
 

Exercise 2

<p>1. Dia tidak datang ke sekolah *karena* dia sakit (Conjunction indicating reason).</p> <p>2. Saya belajar keras *supaya* bisa lulus ujian (Conjunction indicating purpose).</p> <p>3. Kami harus pulang lebih awal *karena* ada acara keluarga (Conjunction indicating reason).</p> <p>4. Mereka berlatih setiap hari *agar* bisa memenangkan pertandingan (Conjunction indicating purpose).</p> <p>5. Dia terlambat *sebab* macet di jalan (Conjunction indicating cause).</p> <p>6. Ibu memasak banyak makanan *karena* ada tamu yang datang (Conjunction indicating reason).</p> <p>7. Saya membawa payung *karena* cuaca mendung (Conjunction indicating reason).</p> <p>8. Mereka bekerja keras *sehingga* bisa membeli rumah (Conjunction indicating result).</p> <p>9. Kami tidak pergi berlibur *sebab* hujan deras (Conjunction indicating cause).</p> <p>10. Dia belajar bahasa Indonesia *agar* bisa berbicara dengan penduduk setempat (Conjunction indicating purpose).</p>
 

Exercise 3

<p>1. Dia tidak bisa datang ke pesta *karena* dia sakit (reason).</p> <p>2. Sinta terlambat ke sekolah *sebab* macet di jalan (cause).</p> <p>3. Kami harus menunda acara *karena* hujan deras (reason).</p> <p>4. Rina pulang lebih awal *karena* ada urusan keluarga (reason).</p> <p>5. Mobil itu mogok *karena* kehabisan bensin (cause).</p> <p>6. Andi gagal dalam ujian *sebab* tidak belajar dengan baik (cause).</p> <p>7. Mereka memilih untuk tinggal di rumah *karena* cuaca buruk (reason).</p> <p>8. Toko itu tutup *karena* hari libur nasional (reason).</p> <p>9. Saya tidak bisa menghadiri rapat *sebab* ada janji lain (cause).</p> <p>10. Dia menangis *karena* kehilangan hewan peliharaannya (reason).</p>
 

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