Adjectives in predicative position Exercises in Icelandic language

Adjectives in the predicative position are an essential aspect of Icelandic grammar that can significantly enhance your fluency and comprehension of the language. Unlike adjectives in the attributive position, which directly modify a noun, predicative adjectives follow a verb and describe the subject of the sentence. For example, in the sentence "Húsið er stórt" (The house is big), "stórt" is a predicative adjective linked to the subject "húsið" through the verb "er" (is). Understanding how to correctly form and use these adjectives will not only improve your sentence structure but also make your speech sound more natural and idiomatic. In Icelandic, adjectives in the predicative position agree with the subject in gender, number, and case, which can be a challenging but rewarding aspect of mastering the language. This agreement is crucial for ensuring that your sentences are grammatically correct and convey the intended meaning. For example, if the subject is plural, the predicative adjective must also be in the plural form, as in "Börnin eru glöð" (The children are happy), where "glöð" is the plural form of "glad." Through these exercises, you will learn to identify and correctly use predicative adjectives in various contexts, making your Icelandic more precise and expressive.

Exercise 1

<p>1. Húsið er *stórt* (describing size).</p> <p>2. Veðrið er *fallegt* í dag (describing weather).</p> <p>3. Hún er *gömul* (describing age).</p> <p>4. Maturinn var *góður* (describing taste).</p> <p>5. Hundurinn er *loðinn* (describing texture).</p> <p>6. Blómin eru *fögur* (describing beauty).</p> <p>7. Bókin er *áhugaverð* (describing interest).</p> <p>8. Stóllinn er *þægilegur* (describing comfort).</p> <p>9. Bíllinn er *hraður* (describing speed).</p> <p>10. Kötturinn er *lítill* (describing size).</p>
 

Exercise 2

<p>1. Húsið er *stórt* (adjective for "big").</p> <p>2. Blómin eru *fögur* (adjective for "beautiful").</p> <p>3. Hundurinn er *glaður* (adjective for "happy").</p> <p>4. Veðrið er *kalt* (adjective for "cold").</p> <p>5. Hún er *sterk* (adjective for "strong").</p> <p>6. Bókin er *áhugaverð* (adjective for "interesting").</p> <p>7. Strákurinn er *klár* (adjective for "smart").</p> <p>8. Bílarnir eru *hraðir* (adjective for "fast").</p> <p>9. Málið er *flókið* (adjective for "complicated").</p> <p>10. Kakan er *góð* (adjective for "good").</p>
 

Exercise 3

<p>1. Húsið er *stórt* (adjective describing the house).</p> <p>2. Bíllinn er *hraður* (adjective describing the car).</p> <p>3. Kötturinn er *svartur* (adjective describing the cat).</p> <p>4. Stelpan er *glöð* (adjective describing the girl).</p> <p>5. Strákurinn er *sterkur* (adjective describing the boy).</p> <p>6. Vorið er *hlýtt* (adjective describing the spring weather).</p> <p>7. Fjöllin eru *há* (adjective describing the mountains).</p> <p>8. Kennarinn er *góður* (adjective describing the teacher).</p> <p>9. Hundurinn er *trúfastur* (adjective describing the dog).</p> <p>10. Maturinn er *góður* (adjective describing the food).</p>
 

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