Adjective placement in a sentence Exercises in Lithuanian language

Understanding the placement of adjectives in a sentence is crucial for mastering the Lithuanian language. Unlike English, where adjectives typically precede the noun they modify, Lithuanian adjectives can appear before or after the noun, depending on the context and the emphasis intended. This flexibility allows for a more nuanced expression and can significantly alter the meaning and tone of a sentence. For example, placing an adjective before the noun can emphasize the inherent quality of the object, while placing it after can highlight the adjective itself or the subject's opinion about the noun. In Lithuanian, adjectives must agree in gender, number, and case with the nouns they modify, adding another layer of complexity to their placement. This agreement is essential for grammatical accuracy and coherence within sentences. As you work through these exercises, you will encounter various scenarios that demonstrate how adjective placement can change the focus and meaning of a sentence. By practicing these structures, you will develop a deeper understanding of how to effectively use adjectives in Lithuanian, enhancing both your written and spoken communication skills.

Exercise 1

<p>1. Ji nupirko *raudoną* suknelę (color of the dress).</p> <p>2. Vaikas nori *naują* žaislą (adjective for something not old).</p> <p>3. Aš valgiau *skanius* pietus (adjective for tasty).</p> <p>4. Jie turi *gražią* katę (adjective for beautiful).</p> <p>5. Mums reikia *šiltų* drabužių (adjective for warm).</p> <p>6. Jis parašė *ilgą* laišką (adjective for long).</p> <p>7. Mes gyvename *ramioje* vietoje (adjective for peaceful).</p> <p>8. Jie rado *seną* monetą (adjective for old).</p> <p>9. Aš matau *didžiulį* namą (adjective for huge).</p> <p>10. Ji gavo *naują* darbą (adjective for new).</p>
 

Exercise 2

<p>1. Jis *didelis* namas yra miesto centre (adjective for 'big').</p> <p>2. Ji *graži* gėlė žydi sode (adjective for 'beautiful').</p> <p>3. Mūsų *jaunas* mokytojas labai protingas (adjective for 'young').</p> <p>4. Tas *senas* automobilis vis dar važiuoja (adjective for 'old').</p> <p>5. Aš mėgstu *šaltą* orą žiemą (adjective for 'cold').</p> <p>6. Tai *skanus* pyragas, ar ne? (adjective for 'delicious').</p> <p>7. Mano *maža* katė mėgsta žaisti (adjective for 'small').</p> <p>8. Jis turi *ilgas* kojas (adjective for 'long').</p> <p>9. Tai *brangus* telefonas (adjective for 'expensive').</p> <p>10. Jis nupirko *naują* kompiuterį (adjective for 'new').</p>
 

Exercise 3

<p>1. Jis nupirko *naujus* batus (adjective for "new").</p> <p>2. Mes gyvename *gražiame* name (adjective for "beautiful").</p> <p>3. Ji turi *mažą* šunį (adjective for "small").</p> <p>4. Tu valgai *saldų* pyragą (adjective for "sweet").</p> <p>5. Jie mėgsta *ilgą* pasivaikščiojimą (adjective for "long").</p> <p>6. Vaikai žaidžia *žaliame* parke (adjective for "green").</p> <p>7. Jis skaito *įdomią* knygą (adjective for "interesting").</p> <p>8. Mes matėme *seną* filmą (adjective for "old").</p> <p>9. Ji mėgsta *mėlyną* suknelę (adjective for "blue").</p> <p>10. Aš noriu *šviežių* vaisių (adjective for "fresh").</p>
 

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