Adjective declension patterns Exercises in Latvian language

Adjective declension patterns in the Latvian language play a crucial role in ensuring that adjectives agree with the nouns they describe in terms of gender, number, and case. Latvian, being a highly inflected language, employs a series of endings that change depending on the grammatical context. For learners of Latvian, mastering these patterns is essential for achieving fluency and accuracy in both written and spoken communication. Understanding the declension of adjectives not only helps in constructing grammatically correct sentences but also enhances the ability to comprehend more complex texts and engage in nuanced conversations. In Latvian, adjectives must match the nouns they modify in gender (masculine, feminine), number (singular, plural), and case (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, locative, and vocative). Each combination of these grammatical categories requires specific endings for the adjectives, which can initially seem daunting due to the sheer number of variations. However, by studying and practicing these declension patterns, learners can develop a solid foundation that will greatly improve their linguistic skills. This section provides a series of grammar exercises designed to help you internalize these patterns through practical application, ensuring that your use of adjectives in Latvian becomes both natural and precise.

Exercise 1

<p>1. Mājas *skaistās* durvis ir ļoti vecas (feminine, nominative plural).</p> <p>2. Man patīk *vecie* datori, jo tie ir uzticami (masculine, nominative plural).</p> <p>3. Viņai ir *jauna* kleita, kas ļoti labi izskatās (feminine, nominative singular).</p> <p>4. Mēs redzējām *lielos* ziloņus zooloģiskajā dārzā (masculine, accusative plural).</p> <p>5. Es nopirku *svaigus* dārzeņus no tirgus (masculine, accusative plural).</p> <p>6. Šī ir *interesanta* grāmata par vēsturi (feminine, nominative singular).</p> <p>7. Viņš uzvilka *silto* jaku, kad kļuva auksti (feminine, accusative singular).</p> <p>8. Mums patīk *skaistie* ziedi dārzā (masculine, nominative plural).</p> <p>9. Es dzēru *karstu* tēju, lai sasildītos (feminine, accusative singular).</p> <p>10. Viņi dzīvo *mazajā* mājā pie upes (feminine, locative singular).</p>
 

Exercise 2

<p>1. Mēs dzīvojam *skaistā* mājā (beautiful house).</p> <p>2. Viņa nopirka *jaunu* automašīnu (new car).</p> <p>3. Viņam ir *gudrs* suns (smart dog).</p> <p>4. Mēs devāmies uz *vecu* pili (old castle).</p> <p>5. Viņai patīk *svaigas* zemenes (fresh strawberries).</p> <p>6. Viņi apmeklēja *interesantu* izstādi (interesting exhibition).</p> <p>7. Viņš uzvilka *siltu* džemperi (warm sweater).</p> <p>8. Mums bija *garšīga* vakariņas (tasty dinner).</p> <p>9. Es lasīju *aizraujošu* grāmatu (exciting book).</p> <p>10. Viņi spēlēja *vecu* spēli (old game).</p>
 

Exercise 3

<p>1. Mēs dzīvojam *mazajā* mājā. (small house, locative case)</p> <p>2. Viņa nēsā *sarkano* kleitu. (red dress, accusative case)</p> <p>3. Es eju uz *jauno* skolu. (new school, accusative case)</p> <p>4. Viņi spēlē *vecajā* stadionā. (old stadium, locative case)</p> <p>5. Viņas māsa ir *skaistajā* dārzā. (beautiful garden, locative case)</p> <p>6. Mēs redzējām *garo* vīrieti. (tall man, accusative case)</p> <p>7. Viņš dziedāja *jaukajā* kafejnīcā. (nice cafe, locative case)</p> <p>8. Es meklēju *lielās* grāmatas. (big books, accusative case)</p> <p>9. Viņi dzīvo *klusajā* ciematā. (quiet village, locative case)</p> <p>10. Viņš raksta vēstuli *mīļajai* draudzenei. (dear friend, dative case)</p>
 

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