Adjective agreement with nouns Exercises in Hungarian language

Adjective agreement with nouns in the Hungarian language can initially seem daunting due to the rich and complex system of grammar rules. Hungarian adjectives must agree with the nouns they modify in terms of case, number, and definiteness. This means that an adjective will change its form depending on whether the noun it describes is singular or plural, definite or indefinite, and which grammatical case it is in. These rules are crucial for constructing grammatically correct and meaningful sentences, and mastering them is key to achieving fluency in Hungarian. In Hungarian, adjectives precede the nouns they modify, and their endings change to match the noun's characteristics. For example, the adjective "szép" (beautiful) will have different forms when describing a singular noun ("szép ház" for "beautiful house") versus a plural noun ("szép házak" for "beautiful houses"). Additionally, definiteness plays a significant role; the adjective will take on a different form depending on whether the noun is definite (e.g., "a szép ház" for "the beautiful house") or indefinite. Through a series of exercises, you will practice these rules, enhancing your ability to use adjectives correctly and naturally in Hungarian.

Exercise 1

<p>1. Az új diák *okos* (The adjective means "smart" in Hungarian).</p> <p>2. A régi ház *nagy* (The adjective means "big" in Hungarian).</p> <p>3. Az autó *gyors* (The adjective means "fast" in Hungarian).</p> <p>4. A torta *édes* (The adjective means "sweet" in Hungarian).</p> <p>5. A tenger *mély* (The adjective means "deep" in Hungarian).</p> <p>6. A kis kutya *aranyos* (The adjective means "cute" in Hungarian).</p> <p>7. A friss kenyér *puha* (The adjective means "soft" in Hungarian).</p> <p>8. Az ég *kék* (The adjective means "blue" in Hungarian).</p> <p>9. A meleg nap *fényes* (The adjective means "bright" in Hungarian).</p> <p>10. A tanár *kedves* (The adjective means "kind" in Hungarian).</p>
 

Exercise 2

<p>1. A *piros* autó nagyon gyors (color of a common fruit).</p> <p>2. A *nagy* kutya ugat a kertben (opposite of small).</p> <p>3. A *friss* kenyér illata finom (not old or stale).</p> <p>4. A *magas* férfi elérte a polcot (opposite of short).</p> <p>5. A *puha* párna kényelmes (the opposite of hard).</p> <p>6. A *meleg* kabát véd a hidegtől (opposite of cold).</p> <p>7. A *tiszta* ablakon jól ki lehet látni (opposite of dirty).</p> <p>8. A *keskeny* utca nehezen járható (opposite of wide).</p> <p>9. A *gyors* vonat hamar megérkezik (opposite of slow).</p> <p>10. A *vastag* könyv sok oldalas (opposite of thin).</p>
 

Exercise 3

<p>1. Az *új* autó nagyon gyors (adjective for "new").</p> <p>2. A *nagy* kutya ugatott az utcán (adjective for "big").</p> <p>3. A *kék* ég gyönyörű volt ma reggel (adjective for "blue").</p> <p>4. A *finom* torta mindenki kedvence volt a partin (adjective for "delicious").</p> <p>5. A *piros* alma érett és lédús (adjective for "red").</p> <p>6. A *régi* ház történelmi értéket képvisel (adjective for "old").</p> <p>7. A *szép* virágok illata betöltötte a kertet (adjective for "beautiful").</p> <p>8. Az *okos* diák minden kérdésre tudta a választ (adjective for "smart").</p> <p>9. A *hosszú* út fárasztó volt (adjective for "long").</p> <p>10. A *hideg* víz felfrissítette a túrázókat (adjective for "cold").</p>
 

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